Five Trout Fishing Tips

trout fisherman

Trout fishing is an inclusive sport, open to both professionals and hobbyists in New Zealand.  Regardless of their experience, some anglers seem to catch more fish than others. This is not by accident. Their fishing efforts are well-planned. These anglers also have a set of well-practiced techniques on hand.

Less successful enthusiasts would like a peek into their nifty bag of tricks. Here are five of them.

1. Know the area and the current.

The first piece of advice skilled anglers would give is to know where trout frequent in New Zealand. Then, get a map of the area. Once you have found a lake to fish in, take some time to understand its current.

Find out how the current shapes the lake. If the current creates deep pools of water, trout are more likely to call it home. They surface in these areas during dawn and dusk.

New Zealand is a premier fishing destination. The large tributaries in Lake Taupo in the Central North Island of New Zealand are famous for having large numbers of trout. It boasts up to about 900 trout per kilometre.

Anglers will find trout in the lakes near the Rotorua and Waikaremoana districts if they are in the Eastern North Island. Huge trout that weigh up to 10 pounds are common.

In the Lower North Island, the Wellington and Hawke’s Bay areas have lakes that trout swim in regularly. Their middle and upper reaches have the most fish.

The Nelson-Marlborough region, too has three national parks that have become great fisheries. Stalk trout in the clear mountain streams.

The swift flowing rivers of the West Coast and are ripe with trout. Many headwaters of rivers originate here, creating deep pools they feel comfortable in. The braided lakes of the central island hold large trout populations as well.

2. Understand trout habits.

Apart from knowing where trout go, anglers must understand their habits.  The trout that are found most often in New Zealand are Rainbow Trout and Brown Trout.

Rainbow Trout are most often found in rapid, whitewater streams. This makes the lakes in the North Canturbury and the West Coast the best places to find them.

Brown trout inhabit lakes where there is overhanging cover, such as fallen trees or floating logs. Lake Selfe in the Caterbury high country is a home to these fine fish.

3. Be Stealthy.

Of course, no trout likes being preyed upon. Always stay hidden, preferably out of the water, to avoid startling them. Do not walk on the water, as abrupt movements may startle the trout.

4. Use the right bait/lures.

It is also important to use the right baits or lures. Nightcrawlers, minnows and crayfish make the best live bait for catching trout. Stock up on these when they are available. You may also use prepared baits such as the Claw Nitro Bait.

If you are using lures, spinners such as Roostertails and Panther Martins make excellent choices. You can tie them directly to your fishing line.

A trick is to try various lures. Some trout prefer slow-moving lures and others, lures that move quickly.

You may also use native nymph flies, such as Dragonflies or Black Bandit Nymphs, as well.

5. Have a few techniques on hand.

Lastly, have a few simple techniques on hand.

Fishing with Lures.

Lure rigging is a relatively easy fishing process. Simply tie the lure to your fishing line. You may also use a snap-swivel and tie the lure to it.

Then, simply cast the line and allow it to sink to the bottom. Reel it back it once you get a bite.

Vary your speed when reeling the fish in. Experiment with different speeds to find out which the trout respond to.

Using Floating Bait

If you are using floating bait, make sure that you rig your fishing line well. Take a small, egg-shaped sinker and slip it on your fishing line. Tie the end of the line to a small barrel swivel and about two to four pounds of 18-inch test leader material. Add a number 16 or 18 treble hook. Then, mold the fishing bait around the hook. Cast the bait in one spot so that the trout can find it by scent.

c. Adjust to different depths.

Getting to trout in turbulent pools is difficult. This is when you have to adjust your tackle. Change your leader strength and the weight of your lure.

Alter your leader length by adjusting the fishing line’s indicator. Longer lines, of course, work for deeper waters. Use heavier lures if the fish are further at the bottom.

d. Nymph Fishing

Downstream nymphing is a useful way to find trout quickly. From the pools upstream, work your way down stream until you find a pocket of running fish.

Use a floating line and a nymph fly as bait. Start at the top of the pool and cast your nymph to the far bank. Walk downstream, matching the speed of the current until you find a pool with trout.

Once finished, work your way upstream and repeat the process.

Catching trout is an enjoyable challenge, one met with the right bait and a few useful techniques.

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The NZ Trout Fishing Rules & Regulation

nz fly fishing

First off, you must acquire a license if you want to fish for trout legally in New Zealand. When you get the license, you will be expected to carry it with you at all times, whenever you are fishing. You can acquire the license from several Sports and Fishing stores around a fishing area. However, you can find some garages and motels close to fishing waters offering the licenses.

This Fish ad Game license will include every fishing area in New Zealand, apart from the Taupo fishery regions. If you need to extend the fishing to some specific rivers, you will need to acquire an extra back-country license. Under the license, you will be able to fish in relation to the regulation of your current region. There are the regional regulations, which limit you on a certain number and size of fish that you can take with you. 


The use of felt-soled waders was banned back in 2008, which entails restricting any footwear that incorporates or has a woven fibrous, matted or felted sole. These types of shoes have also been banned by the Department of Conservation in the Taupo fishing regulations. 

The Equipment 

There has been a rule enforced for the sake of slowing down the spread of the alga didymo that is invasive. These didymo affect the New Zealand waterways, which has compelled the MAF Biosecurity, New Zealand to enforce some rules such as;

• Bringing clean and dry freshwater fishing equipment
• Declaring your equipment as you enter New Zealand to a Quarantine Inspector as well as on your Passenger Arrival Card. 
• The Fishing equipments allowed are reels, boots, net, rods, fishing flies, tackle boxes, or any other non-artificial item or feathers used for fly tying. 

It should be noted that you will spread didymo knowingly, you will stand liable to a penalty that is equivalent to a prison sentence of 5 years or a fine of $100,000 at maximum. 


You can find more details on whitebaiting on the Department of Conservation website, which include;

• Regulations of whitebaiting for the entire New Zealand, except the West Coast, along with information about the characteristics, season for fishing and the whitebait biology. 
• Didymo detailed information related to whitebaiters. 
• West Coast regulations for whitebait along with information about the season, characteristics and the biology of whitebait. 

Generally, trout and salmon fishing, which are part of freshwater fishing is managed by the Fish and Game New Zealand. However, the Taupo fishery area isn’t managed by the board. Nevertheless, this area is managed by the DOC – Department of Conservation.

The main aim of the NZ Trout Fishing Rules & Regulations is to prevent the lives of the trout and ensuring that no harmful content is spread. In addition, it helps in preserving the lives of the trout by limiting the size and number of fish to carry.

Top Five Things To Do In New Zealand

New Zealand

New Zealand is a small country, but it has a lot to offer for anyone visiting for the first time. This ranges from great cuisine to extreme sports and much more. In fact, it can take you even a year to engage in all the fun activities in New Zealand. 

Below are some of the top five things to do in New Zealand: 

Take part in Trout Fishing

New Zealand is known worldwide as one of the best destinations for trout fishing so it is better to take advantage of this whenever you visit the country. There are plenty of rivers and lakes to carry out trout fishing. You will find certain rivers and lakes with just a few anglers on week days hence making it convenient to fish. The other reason why trout fishing is considered the best activity is because the country allows anyone to fish in any river or lake. The only thing you are required to do is pay a fee of $90 if fishing in Taupo area alone and $90 for all the remaining parts of New Zealand. However, a few rivers cannot be accessed easily due to natural barriers so at times you will have to use a helicopter. Trout fishing in New Zealand is also fun because the water quality is great and you can easily spot fish. You can visit the Rotorua lakes to experience the best fishing.

Visit Geothermal fields found in Rotorua

This is a fun place to visit for those who are daring enough. You will find shooting geysers, bubbling mud pools and hot thermal springs. The park is usually checked daily to maintain safety, but you visit the place at your own risk. As you walk on the tracks you will be able to see hot waterfalls, crater lakes and steaming clouds of sulphur scented gas coming from the vents. This provides a great experience as this thermal field is one of the most active all over the world.

Engage in Extreme Sports

There are a lot of adventure sports in New Zealand and you will always find something new and exciting to take part in. In fact zorbing and rolling down a hill in a giant inflatable hill was first discovered in New Zealand. The shweeb is also an exciting extreme sport that will give you adrenaline rush. There are other numerous adventure sports like sky diving, bungee jumping, heli skiing and many more. You will enjoy these sports in Rotorua and Queenstown.

Visit Waitomo Caves

This is another amazing thing to experience in New Zealand because glow worms are unique to this country alone. At the Waitomo caves you will be able to see the glow worms illuminate from underground limestone caves. You can view this while on a boat or if you go for black water rafting. Therefore, this can be fun for sport lovers too.

View the Fox Glacier and Franz Josef Glacier

The glaciers are located on the West Coast of South Island and are actually wonders of nature. You can view them while walking on foot accompanied by a tour guide. You will also be able to see pure blue ice caves as you walk too. Besides that, you can enjoy taking part in sports like mountain biking, white water rafting, horse treks, kayaking and many more as you view the glaciers.

Make sure you bring your camera to ensue you take some great shots.

Generally, the top five things to do in New Zealand will give you an experience of a lifetime. Besides, they are quite engaging and can be done to keep fit as they involve a lot of sports. Must do before you go back to your prize homes.

The Basics Of Trout Fishing


Trout fishing is a sport for everyone, and all it needs is knowledge of fish habits, stream characteristics and weather patterns. You do not need any expensive tackle or a boat and motor, but some basic gear like a spinning or spin-casting outfit, a box of fishing hooks and some night crawlers. You may need a pair of hip boots if you do not want to get your feet wet. For beginners trout fishing can seem to be a complicated task, but if you know the basics of trout fishing, you will be one among the anglers who seem to catch most of the fish.


Several species of fish like brown, brook, rainbow, cutthroat and steelhead share the name trout and they are members of the salmon family. There are also some species of sea trout. Trout are native to Europe, North America and Asia, and they were introduced to Australia and New Zealand in the 19th century by enthusiastic anglers.

Where To Find Trout

Trout can be found in different bodies of water and different techniques should be used for each one. They are generally found in:

· Easily recognizable narrow areas in cool lakes, streams and rivers where deep water meets shallow and rapid currents meet slow moving water.

· Areas where rocks and rock shelves offer tranquil relief from the current, as they like to hang around large objects that slow the current.

Trout Fishing Gear

The first thing to consider when you go on a fishing trip is getting the gear you will need. For trout fishing the gear depends on where you go to fish; in a stream, lake or river. Wherever you may decide to go, there are a few basics of trout fishing that you have to consider:

· The fishing rod should be lighter, especially when you are fishing in streams.

· Light rods with a light to medium bending resistance will be more effective.

· Fly fishing rods are a better option than spinning rods.

· Although a few artificial baits can be used, live baits are considered to be better trout baits.

· Spinners are the most common, but spoons and plugs are also popular.

· You may need boots or waders when fishing in rivers and streams.

· A vest with pockets to hold the extra supplies.

Spin Fishing

Spin fishing can be a good option to begin your trout fishing because the skills involved in spin fishing can be easily mastered. You may need only an outfit of rod, reel, line and a few lures to catch a trout. The knowledge gained while spin fishing will come in handy while you try your hand in other forms, such as fly-fishing.



The reel is a very important part in your fishing outfit. A good reel should be light and large enough to carry sufficient line.


Generally the fishing rod should measure between 1.80m and 2.40m, and it has to be as light as possible. But it should be powerful enough to cast the lure you will be using regularly. The reel fitting has to be secure and the rod handle comfortable to hold. Guides with ceramic lining are preferable to chrome wire as they will not wear out or produce sharp edges that may chafe the line.


A mono-filament fishing line with 3-4kg breaking strain is ideal for catching fish.


The night-crawler is the best bait for trout fishing. Hellgrammites and water worms are also good. Small minnows work well in early season.

Trout fishing is popular because it is fun just like board games, so grab your gear, check the temperature and go have an adventure. By learning the basics of trout fishing and with a little bit of practice and patience you can take home your catch in no time.