Trout fishing is an inclusive sport, open to both professionals and hobbyists in New Zealand. Regardless of their experience, some anglers seem to catch more fish than others. This is not by accident. Their fishing efforts are well-planned. These anglers also have a set of well-practiced techniques on hand.
Less successful enthusiasts would like a peek into their nifty bag of tricks. Here are five of them.
1. Know the area and the current.
The first piece of advice skilled anglers would give is to know where trout frequent in New Zealand. Then, get a map of the area. Once you have found a lake to fish in, take some time to understand its current.
Find out how the current shapes the lake. If the current creates deep pools of water, trout are more likely to call it home. They surface in these areas during dawn and dusk.
New Zealand is a premier fishing destination. The large tributaries in Lake Taupo in the Central North Island of New Zealand are famous for having large numbers of trout. It boasts up to about 900 trout per kilometre.
Anglers will find trout in the lakes near the Rotorua and Waikaremoana districts if they are in the Eastern North Island. Huge trout that weigh up to 10 pounds are common.
In the Lower North Island, the Wellington and Hawke’s Bay areas have lakes that trout swim in regularly. Their middle and upper reaches have the most fish.
The Nelson-Marlborough region, too has three national parks that have become great fisheries. Stalk trout in the clear mountain streams.
The swift flowing rivers of the West Coast and are ripe with trout. Many headwaters of rivers originate here, creating deep pools they feel comfortable in. The braided lakes of the central island hold large trout populations as well.
2. Understand trout habits.
Apart from knowing where trout go, anglers must understand their habits. The trout that are found most often in New Zealand are Rainbow Trout and Brown Trout.
Rainbow Trout are most often found in rapid, whitewater streams. This makes the lakes in the North Canturbury and the West Coast the best places to find them.
Brown trout inhabit lakes where there is overhanging cover, such as fallen trees or floating logs. Lake Selfe in the Caterbury high country is a home to these fine fish.
3. Be Stealthy.
Of course, no trout likes being preyed upon. Always stay hidden, preferably out of the water, to avoid startling them. Do not walk on the water, as abrupt movements may startle the trout.
4. Use the right bait/lures.
It is also important to use the right baits or lures. Nightcrawlers, minnows and crayfish make the best live bait for catching trout. Stock up on these when they are available. You may also use prepared baits such as the Claw Nitro Bait.
If you are using lures, spinners such as Roostertails and Panther Martins make excellent choices. You can tie them directly to your fishing line.
A trick is to try various lures. Some trout prefer slow-moving lures and others, lures that move quickly.
You may also use native nymph flies, such as Dragonflies or Black Bandit Nymphs, as well.
5. Have a few techniques on hand.
Lastly, have a few simple techniques on hand.
Fishing with Lures.
Lure rigging is a relatively easy fishing process. Simply tie the lure to your fishing line. You may also use a snap-swivel and tie the lure to it.
Then, simply cast the line and allow it to sink to the bottom. Reel it back it once you get a bite.
Vary your speed when reeling the fish in. Experiment with different speeds to find out which the trout respond to.
Using Floating Bait
If you are using floating bait, make sure that you rig your fishing line well. Take a small, egg-shaped sinker and slip it on your fishing line. Tie the end of the line to a small barrel swivel and about two to four pounds of 18-inch test leader material. Add a number 16 or 18 treble hook. Then, mold the fishing bait around the hook. Cast the bait in one spot so that the trout can find it by scent.
c. Adjust to different depths.
Getting to trout in turbulent pools is difficult. This is when you have to adjust your tackle. Change your leader strength and the weight of your lure.
Alter your leader length by adjusting the fishing line’s indicator. Longer lines, of course, work for deeper waters. Use heavier lures if the fish are further at the bottom.
d. Nymph Fishing
Downstream nymphing is a useful way to find trout quickly. From the pools upstream, work your way down stream until you find a pocket of running fish.
Use a floating line and a nymph fly as bait. Start at the top of the pool and cast your nymph to the far bank. Walk downstream, matching the speed of the current until you find a pool with trout.
Once finished, work your way upstream and repeat the process.
Catching trout is an enjoyable challenge, one met with the right bait and a few useful techniques.
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